Thursday, January 19, 2012

Kitti's Hog-nosed Bat

          Kitti's Hog-nosed Bat, also known as the bumblebee bat, is a vulnerable species of bat. It occurs in western Thailand and southeast Burma, where it occupies limestone caves along rivers. Kitti's Hog-nosed Bat is the smallest species of bat and arguably the world's smallest mammal. It has a reddish-brown or grey coat, with a distinctive pig-like snout. Colonies range greatly in size, with an average of 100 individuals per cave. The bat feeds during short activity periods in the evening and dawn, foraging around nearby forest areas for insects. Females give birth annually to a single offspring. Although the bat's status in Burma is not well known, the Thai population is restricted to a single province and may be at risk for extinction. Its potential threats are primarily anthropogenic, and include habitat degradation and the disturbance of roosting sites.